Physical Education Safety Guidelines Elementary – Interschool 2008v2 Track and Field Shot Put - 1 - © 2008 Ophea
A fully stocked first aid kit must be readily accessible.
A working communication device (e.g., cell phone) must be accessible.
Determine that all equipment is safe for use.
Only shots designed for indoor use can be used in the gym.
Shot must be of appropriate size and weight for age and gender of the athlete.
Softballs, BEAN BAGS, KNOTTED TOWEL are an appropriate substitutes for practice purposes.
Towel/rag to dry shot.
Appropriate clothing and footwear must be worn; NO SPIKES ON A CEMENT SURFACE; CAN EASILY SLIDE AND INJURY OCCUR AS A RESULT.
Any appropriate enclosed shoe (running or court) is acceptable.
Determine that all facilities are safe for use.
Playing surface and surrounding area must be free of all obstacles (e.g., tables, chairs), and must provide sufficient traction.
Landing area must be well marked and void of people during activity.
ALL SPECTATORS SHOULD BE KEPT 5M BACK FROM THE LANDING ZONE AND SEPARATED FROM THE ATHLETES (athletes on one side of landing zone; spectators on the other).
THE RECORDING OFFICIAL SHOULD STAND IN THE CIRCLE AFTER MEASUREMENT UNTIL READY SO AN ATHLETE CAN’T UNKNOWINGLY ENTER IT AND THROW BEFORE THE LANDING AREA OFFICIAL IS READY.
USE A 3-PERSON ROTATION. FIRST NAME CALLED IS ATHLETE THROWING. SECOND NAME IS THE ATHLETE ON DECK – GETTING READY TO THROW. THE THIRD NAME IS THE ATHLETE RETRIEVING THE SHOT PUT. THE RETRIEVER SHOULD NEVER TURN THEIR BACK TO THE CIRCLE – ALWAYS WATCH THE CIRCLE. THEY SHOULD WALK ALONG THE BOUNDERY LINES BUT 3M BACK FROM THEM. WAIT UNTIL SHOT HAS LANDED BEFORE ENTERING THE LANDING AREA. CARRY THE SHOT BACK AND PLACE TO THE SIDE OF THE CIRCLE. NEVER THROW OR ROLL THE SHOT BACK.
Putting area must provide safe footing.
Skills and techniques associated with shot put must be taught in proper progression.
Competitions must be based on skills that are taught.
Adequate liquid replacement must be accessible.
Students must be made aware of ways to protect themselves from:
UV rays (e.g., use of hat, sunglasses, sunscreen)
insects (e.g., repellent)
Proper warm-ups and cool-downs must be included in all practices and competitions.
Before involving students in outdoor activity, teachers must take into consideration:
length of time students will be vigorously active
Students must receive instruction on safety procedures related to funnel clouds, severe winds, tornadoes (see Lightning Appendix).
Establish safe routines for putting and retrieving of shots (see previous column).
Establish a safe routine for transporting shots to and from the throwing area.
It is advisable that any coach who is unfamiliar with shot put techniques seek assistance from appropriate support staff and/or refrain from using the equipment until help is received.
Parents/guardians must be made aware of any off-campus activity and the means of transportation used.
Be aware of athletes whose medical condition (e.g., asthma, anaphylaxis, casts, orthopaedic device) may affect participation (see Generic Section).
A student athlete’s fitness level must be commensurate with the level of competition.
Constant visual supervision.
Head coach must demonstrate knowledge of event to principal or designate.
Coaching expertise for the head coach derived from at least one of the following:
NCCP Level One Technical Track and Field-Throws
attendance at a throws clinic or workshop within the last three years
past experience as an athlete or coach in that sport within the last 10 years
An individual who takes responsibility for providing first aid to injured students must be present during the entire practice/competition.
Physical Education Safety Guidelines Elementary – Interschool 2008v2 Track and Field Shot Put - 2 - © 2008 Ophea