Guidelines for Physical Education and Sports for Students with Asthma
• The student should use pre-exercise medication if exercise regularly causes asthma (exercise induced asthma).
• If a student has obvious wheezing, persistent dry cough, or breathing difficulty in spite of pre-medication, exercise will be hazardous and should be avoided. A recent cold or sore throat or a recent asthma attack increases the risk of exercise induced asthma.
• Warm-up prior to vigorous activity should be progressive.
• Exercise in cold or humid temperatures can be a significant trigger for asthma.
• Students should exercise along with the rest of the class. If coughing, wheezing or chest tightness develops, the student should stop and treat if necessary with medication.
• The frequency of exercise should be the same as for the rest of the class.
• The intensity of exercise should start at a low level and gradually increase to develop exercises tolerance. This will vary greatly among students with asthma and from day to day in the same student.
• Should a student become wheezy during exercise, stop the activity and treat if necessary with medication.
• Cool down. Avoid stopping the exercise abruptly. Follow the usual “cool down” procedure.