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Asthma: Management and Prevention
Health Issue Category
Date of Issue
Revision Date
February, 2006
Related Policies, Administrative Procedures and Forms:

Management and Prevention

Medications play a vital role in the management of asthma.

The two types are:

• Relievers or short acting bronchodilators (commonly known as inhalers), are used for quick relief. They open the airways and make breathing easier by reversing airway spasms (i.e. Ventolin, Bricanyl);

• Preventers/Controllers are used to keep the disease under control by preventing the development of symptoms (i.e. corticosteroid, anti-allergic, and anti-leukotriene).

As well, the following preventative guidelines for school staff may be helpful:

• do not keep furry animals or birds in the classroom;

• if a child is very allergic to specific animals, he or she should not sit next to a child with that type of pet at home;

• do not ask the child to clean chalk-filled rags or brushes;

• if a child is allergic to pollen, do not sit him or her next to an open window in the spring or fall;

• regularly clean and air: gym mats; shoes; lockers; classroom carpeting; and old library books, since they are often loaded with dust and mold;

• be aware that strong odours from cosmetics, perfume, chemicals, cleaning fluids and art supplies may be irritating;

• if possible try to make sure the child does not sit next to someone with a respiratory infection;

• give the child the option of spending recess indoors on a very cold, humid or windy day;

• provide the child with a normal classroom experience: treat the child as you would any other child; encourage the child to participate in activities within his or her limits; do not regard the child as ill or isolate the child.

If the child is on medication, the principal is required to follow the Policy and Procedures of the Board, including the completion of all forms related to AP-314, Administration of Medication and/or Medical Procedures to Students. The above documentation will assist the school in developing the Emergency Medical Alert Form included at the end of this section.

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